Robotic assisted gait as a tool for rehabilitation of individuals with spinal cord injury: a systematic review.
The purpose of this study was to compare robotic gait devices, and systematize the scientific evidences of these devices as a tool for rehabilitation of SCI individuals. Authors included 39 articles. The reviewed studies shows promising results regarding the reduction of pain and spasticity level; changes in proprioception, sensitivity to temperature, vibration, pressure, reflex behavior, electrical activity at muscular and cortical level, classification of the injury level. Some studies also show benefits of increase in walking speed, step length and distance traveled; improvements in sitting posture, intestinal, cardiorespiratory, metabolic, brain and psychological functions. This systematic review shows a significant progress in the area of robotic devices as “an innovative and effective therapy for the rehabilitation of individuals with SCI”.
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